Candles of Peace for Kashmir


The 4th GPM Session, Peace Candles for Kashmir was held on 16th April at Hotel Merwara Palace Ajmer at 9:30 am. The roundtable was organized by Kamaluddin Charitable Trust.

Dewan Saheb the spiritual head of Ajmer Dargah & Mehant Sompuri the spiritual head of Brahma Mandir in pushkar inaugurated the event by lighting the lamp. All the delegates were welcomed with bouquets and a candle for peace was lit by every one present in the meeting.

If peace is established in Kashmir India will become a super power. Impractical politics have played havoc with Kashmir and that now, through practical and pragmatic politics, we can pave the way for a progressive Kashmir . Indian Government should take steps to amend some provisions in the A.F.S.P.A. which have allowed the Army to harass civilian Kashmiris, over the years. Time for a re-look into the A.F.S.P.A. as well, the Article 370 said Gulsha Begum Chairperson Kamaluddin Charitable Trust and President Global Peace Mission.

The Kashmiris, on the whole, seem be disillusioned and are living in an atmosphere of complete mistrust. The aim of the conference is to help them in coming out of this environment and start a new life. But for this they must recognize their own predicament that they face today. And, must come out of the imaginary world and start to live in the real, practical world. They must adopt means that are in accordance with the present conditions and thereby begin to align themselves with reality.

Article 370 was debated extensively and majority voted against it at the conference. Scholars, Doctors, Writers, Academicians, Spiritualist, Politicians , Philanthropist from Kashmir, Delhi , Ahmedabad and London participated in the ground breaking topic.

Guest of Honour and Media person from Kashmir Komal Singh opened the session by highlighting the current scenario , conflicts and highlight the issues in the valley.

Dewan Saheb said a committee must be formed with members from all states to work in Kashmir at the grassroot level and educate the people to become first Indians. In current situation people see India as oppressor. Accept the situation start the process of change with open discussion. People will join eventually as they gain trust and interest. He further added he will join the Mission to go along with the committee and hoist the Indian Flag in Kashmir. He added Kashmir must be handed to the army and strict action against terrorism and extremism must be initiated.

Mehantji said that we must neutralize the minds of the people through spiritual growth and development. It should not be a playground for politics.

Majority of the delegates voted against the existing article 370 which they said was the major obstacle in the development of Kashmir. They spoke of strong military, education, medical facilities, sanitary conditions etc should be provided to the people and bring awareness amongst them that they are Indians.

Sufi and Vedanta Scholar Sandeep Awasti said the population of Jammu and Kashmir is 1.15 crore and our government gives them eight times higher package compared to Bihar. He further added education and unemployment are the bigger problems in today’s J & K. Human Rights Commission or Womens Right Commission and Lokayukt are not existing. Due to article 370 we dont force J & K government to form these constitutional institutions. Therefore he requested that the central government must immediately take necessary to remove article 370 and take serious action for rehabilitation of Kashmiri Pundits.

Keynote speakers Dr Sudhir Bhargav Former Principal DAV College , Dr Meghna Sharma from Maharaja Ganga Singh University, Bikaner, Dr Sandeep Awasti Sufi & Vedanta Scholar , Professor TK Mathur MDS University emphasized on education for the youth and alike.

DL Tripati, SP Mittal, Ras Bihari Gaur, Col Rakesh Sharma, Dr Brijesh Mathur, Prakash Jain, Sabah Khan, Mahendra Singh Ralawta, Dr Sudeep Rai , Nitin Sharma, SN Chishty , BK yogini , Sophia Barta Di Albufera participated in the session.

The session was concluded with the following points

Discussing the kashmir issue is important and should be brought in notice of the people of India.

Formalize the existing arrangement (make Loc into a permanent border)

Abolish article 370 or anything alike that makes kashmir different from rest of nation. Reconsider terms of accession if the state of the states is not normal.

Kashmir was always a part of India since ancient times and it was also part of India when there was Muslim Rule in the North and under the Sikh-Empire. The people of Kashmir are confused and the politicians on both sides want them to remain so.

Bring focus on improving lives of the people. Bring Kashmiris on national platform.

Promote trade and tourism. Bring in mutual dependence. Let people build their own destiny.

Education to youth
Build Infrastructure roads, railways, schools, colleges and alike. Providing with social infrastructure, building human capacity and employment. Most of the valley’s youth is attracted to extremist elements because of poverty and lack of employment opportunities.

The state of Jammu and Kashmir should ban all the separatist organizations demanding separation from India or joining Pakistan. Those who do not want to stay with India should be given a chance to migrate to PoK, for good.

Both sides give priority to practicality rather than emotions.

Luminaries Honored as 13th Universal Sufi Festival 2016 Held in Dhaka


Speakers today expressed their commitment to continue their efforts in respective fields as part of service to humanity. They also lauded the initiative undertaken by the organizers of ‘Universal Sufi Festival’ to honor the enlightened personalities of the country.

The distinguished personalities were speaking on the occasion of   Universal Sufi Festival 2016  at national press club premises in the capital.  ” Enlightened souls, introspective utterances” as it’s theme, the ’13th Universal Sufi Festival 2016′ was held today where ten luminaries were rewarded in different categories for their contribution in their respective field.

Allama Sufi Syed Zafar Shaha, founder of the organization presided over the function.

The categories and 10 Role models receiving  the Ennoble Awards  include :   Ekushe Award to  leading sociologist Anupam Shen PhD. , vice-canceller of Premier University, for promoting Education,  Freedom Fighter Award to famous actor Raesul Islam Asad for remarkable contribution in Liberation War,  Digital Technology Award to eminent technologist Mustafa Jabbar for contribution in  Digital Technology,  Maizbhanderi Dedicated Sufi Award to Syed Abu Ashraf Mohammed Gaziul Haque the Sajjada Nashin of Comilla Ashraf Nagar Dorbar Sharif,  Social Welfare Award to Chittagong Urban Development Authority (CDA) chairman Abdus Salam for social welfare,  Author and Religious Research Award to Hadrath Khwaja Fariduddin Ahmed Chisty the Sajjada Nashin of Chisty Nagar Dorbar Sharif of Comilla ,  Health Service Award to Dr. Mohammed Delwar Hosain; divisional head of the National Kidney & Urology Hospital, Dhaka for contribution  ,  Maizbhandari Sufi Singer Award to National artist Jaane Alam ,  Comparative Religious Study Award to Prominent Islamic author & researcher Mustaq Ahmed  and Sufi Lyricist Award to Noted lyricist and composer Shah Baul Alam Sharkar .
The festival also features Blood Donation programme  in association with Bangladesh Red Crescent Society at 10 am, Multimedia Presentation at 2 pm and Introspective Sufi dialogue at 3 pm.  A number of Prominent Sufi Shaykh, Olama and Renowned  personnel apart from people of different sects and religions attended the festival.

Conclusion of International Sufi Festival India

After 5 edition of the International Sufi Festival India held in Ajmer and Noida the conclusion is that according to the people who have believed in Peace feel that the future must be music and painting rather than hatred and violence. Against this backdrop the world can be elevated to the other side of the original paradise and a corrupt system will be reviewed to determine the specific areas where condemning anyone or trying to poison the people will not stand against the highest truth. The lie that is strongly
encouraged by persons of personal interest will fall into the hands of the same conflict. The pledge is accomplished through the highest possible combination of creation and sustenance of Spirituality

A world where we need more people who believe in the universe created by the highest truth. This truth can free us from all pain and suffering.
A Divine intervention by the highest truth is going to be served for the people of all faiths and they will start the process of subcontracting the cause by giving better future generations a better understanding of Spirituality and Peace Building techniques that can help us to improve our lives.

Words and Verses spoken behind the counter strike against the sufferings of the Humanity. We must aspire to see the difference between reality and get away from the gutters of the conflict . In this historical perspective all forms of discrimination must be untied and Peace process must take place.

Paper by Dr Shagufta Yasmin

Spirituality- the gateway to the universal peace
Spirituality is a mental condition which continues to regenerate our mind, body and soul leading to a perfect and positive state of mind. Spiritual growth implies the mastery of patience which in turn allows the unfolding of destiny to proceed at its own pace leading to the ultimate satisfaction in all walks of human life.

Spirituality leads a person to raise his thought above the level of material world and helps in eradicating negative thoughts from within.

People search for the inner peace but it is always there within themselves in the form of spirit in their soul. The human nature of tolerance, forgiveness, humbleness, compassion, the spirit of co-existence and the fear of Almighty makes our thought positive and deeds successful.

In order to achieve the ultimate success in life, it is well said that “Never be in hurry; do everything quietly and in a calm spirit. Do not lose your inner peace for anything whatsoever, even if your whole world seems upset”. Success isn’t measured by money or power or social rank. Rather it is measured by your discipline, calmness and inner peace.

To sum up, Spirituality correlates not only the humanity but the whole Universe in its quest to spread the message of love, peace and equality amongst everything where ever there is life and therefore “the Spirituality is the Gateway to the Universal Peace”.

Contributed by
Urdu & Islamic Scholar , Anchor, Zee Salaam
Senior Research Fellow, ,Ministry of Culture, Govt. of India.

Paper by Dr Hafeez ur Rahaman

Very Good morning! To one and all….Respected His holiness dewan Syed Zainul Abedin spiritual head of Ajmer Dargah ….very respected Gulsha Fawzia Begum..chairperson Global Peace Mission and all the respected delegates present here in this global peace conference

I would like to thank Gulsha Begum for the invitation. Here I would like to share my views regarding ” key to world peace,art,culture and values” as well as “spirituality and practice”…. first of all I would like to start by narrating master quote of Rumi
Tu barai wasl kardan amadi,,, ne barai fasl kardan amadi,,, you have been sent to unite, ,, not to make them divide..
Also renowned urdu poet Jigar moradabadi said,,, unka jo kaam hai wo ahle siyasat jane,,, mera paigham mohabbat hai jahan tak ponhche.
Khwaja Gharib nawaz has said ,,, love for all amd malice for non….
Shaikh Nizamuddin auliya mehboob e ilahi has said that , if a man puts thorn in your way and you also put thorns in his way , there will be thorn every where so lets put flowers in place of thorn . And he loved to recite coupletes of persian poet hzt shaikh Abu syed abul khair has said,,,
He is not my friend , may God be my friend
And he who bears ill -will against me, may his joy increases
He who puts thorns in my way on account of enmity,
May every flower that blossoms in the garden of life be without thorn.

Dear brothers and sisters, I would like to speak few words here with the reference of Rumi a 13 century’s mystic and sufi poet and a global ambassador of peace for mankind.
The striking features of Rumi’s philosophy are humanity, love , compassion , tolerance, empathy, respect and acceptance of the others as they are , openness to others and dialogue. He abhors ‘ ignorance’ the mother of all evils and underlines that education and dialogue are only remedies.

These elements can be discerned from the following discourses:
” A westerner lives in the west. An oriental comes to visit. The westerner is a stranger to the oriental , but who is the real stranger? Is not the oriental a stranger to the entire western world ?
The world was a global village even in his time and he powerfully emphasizes this reality:
” still this whole world is but a house , no more. Whether we go from this room to that room or from this corner to that corner, are we still not in the same house ?”
A kind of deep spiritual message radiates out from Rumi’s writing that has attracted spiritual seekers from almost every religion in the world. Rumi’s doctrine advocates looking at Mulims, Jews, Christians and Hindus etc with the same eye and view them as one and same:

Come , come , whoever you are …..
Come and come yet again…
Come even if you have broken your vows a thousand times wanderer, idolater, worshipper of fire….
Ours is not a caravan of despair,
This is the date of hope,
Come , come yet again, come (Rumi)

Rumi has a tremendous impact on the Indian mystics as well. How he explains the mystic principle of ‘ Basic oneness of Human society’ thus:

Bringing solace to human heart is like Hajj-i Akbar.
One heart is better than a thousand Kaabas.
And same line of Sa’adi found as follow;
All human being are like limbs of a body,
For in their origin they are the same

After throwing open the realm of spirit to all without any distinction of religion and race, the sufi saints emphasized the basic unity and oneness of human society. This was the corner stone of their social thought. Deriving their inspiration from a tradition of the Prophet which runs:
All God’s creatures are His family; and he is the most beloved of God who does well to His creatures.
They treated all human being as ‘ children of God on earth’ and strove to bring their hearts closer and inspired them with a deep and abiding feeling of human love and sympathy. Even denominational categories which seperated one community from another were not acceptable to them. Shaikh Abdul Quddus of Gangoh once said;

Why this meaningless talk about the believer, the kafir, the obedient, the sine, the rightly guided, the misdirected, the muslim, the pious, the infidel, the fire worshipper, all are like beads in a rosary.
There was no such thing as Darul harab or darul islam for mystic. All was God’s earth and they believed that,
No man of God feels himself a stranger in east or west .anywhere he goes, all is the land of God.

The culture of tolerance and harmony,

A mind which failed to see any wisdom or truth in any way of life or thought except its own was the greatest obstacle to the growth of social amity, and the sufis or medieval india fought against this exclusivism and prejudice. But their tolerance was not born of any timely purpose, expediency or had roots in the spiritual and moral strength of their convictions. They believe that the true toleration is of that spiritually powerful man who, while guarding the frontiers of his own faith, can appreciate all forms of faith other than his own.
Hzt Amir Khusrau’s verse;

O you who sneer at the idolatry of the Hindu,
Learn also from how worship is done.
Is an expression of this toleration of a spiritually powerful man. When shaikh Nizamuddin auliya remarked on seeing the Hindu worshipping the idols.

Every people have got their path, their religion and their house of worship he not only gave to his followers a lesson in religious toleration but illustrated for all time an ideal of religious co-existance and amity that Indian society had to cherish and strive for.

There are three level of mystic efforts towards unity and harmony, social, linguistic and emotional which Indian mystics have worked for to realise their objective of amity and harmony in human society.

(A) social,
if the social milieu of of the times is kept in view, it would appear that the sufi khanqahs were the only place in medieval india where people professing different religions, enjoying different social status and belonging to different backgrounds met and rubbed shoulders. Their free distribution of food ( langer) to all ; community living in the jmaat khanas where all lived and slept on the ground.
And above all their readiness to listen sympathetically to the problem of every visitor, made them centers of love and effection for the indian people. To the chishti khanqahs , for instance, came the Hindu and the muslims, the Jogis and Qalandars, old and young villagers and towns folk, men and women.
In the khanqahs of Shaikh Farid of Ajodhan, Shaikh Ahmed Khattu of Ahmedabad, Rishi Nuruddin of Kashmir and others, views were exchanged between the sufis and the yogis in atmosphere of goodwill and understanding.

(B) linguistic,
The attitude of the sufi saints towards languages was free from all prejudices.
Amir khusarau who was himself a linguist, used to say that every language has a flavour of its own and so there should be no prejudice against any language. The contribution of sufi saits in the sphere of languages was that

(A) they discouraged linguistic chauvinism , (b) developed the languages of different regions, and (c) evolved a common medium for the commu nication of ideas , known as Hindvi. They helped in the development of the Hindvi, the punjabi, the bengali, the dakhani, the gujrati and other regiinal languages as well. Shaikh Hamiduddin nagauri, baba farid ganje-shakara and hzt Nizamuddin auliya are best example of that.

(C) Emotional and ideological,
While social contact paved the way for communication of ideas, and the developmemt of a common vehicle of expression brought the people closer, the sufis turned their attention towards ideological and emotional integration. I diological integration was a long drwan and slow process and remained confined to a segment of society comprising the higher intellectual class, but emotional integration which could be brought about though mystic songs ( qawwali) , community living in the jamaat khanas and spiritual practices common to sufis, jogis, and meditation person, etc was easier and more fruitful to all.

Thanks once again for giving me opportunity to express my thoughts on global peace in the most sacred Holy place Ajmer sharif.

Warm regards,
Dr Hafeezur Rahman
Founder trustee ,
Sufi Peace Foundation, New Delhi.

Paper by Dr Neetu Sharma

Words are angelic. I would like to express my gratitude to His holiness Dewan Syed Zainul Abedin Sajjadanashin Spiritual head of Ajmair Dargah.

I would like to express deep appreciation to the Gulsha Begum, Chairperson Divine Abode foundation, coordinator Global Peace Mission for her warm welcome and to thank her for this invitation.
We are at the edge of a big idea – the shaping of ethical globalization. But how? What are the component, the linkages, and the energies that need to be harnessed?

We looked to the unique role of faith leaders in promoting greater tolerance and respect.
When we get up in the morning and listen to the radio (news) or read the newspaper, we are confronted with the same sad news:- violence crime, wars, intolerance and disasters, I cannot recall a single day without a report of something terrible happening somewhere. Even in these modern times it is clear that one’s precious life is not safe. No former generation has had to experience so much bad news as we face today. This constant awareness of fear and tension should make any sensitive and compassionate person question seriously the progress of our modern world.

It is ironic that the more serious problems emanate from the more industrially advanced societies science and technology have worked wonders in many fields but the basic human problems remain. There is unprecedented literacy, yet this universal education does not seem to have fostered goodness, but only mental restlessness and discontent indeed there is no doubt about the increase in our material progress and technology, but somehow this is not sufficient as we have not yet succeeded in bringing about peace and happiness or in overcoming suffering.

We can only conclude that there must be something seriously wrong with our progress and development and if we donot check it in time there could be disastrous consequences for the future of humanity.
I am not at all against, science and technology they have contributed immensely to the overall experience to humankind, material confort and well- being and to our greater understanding of the world we live in.

Science & technology cannot replace the old – age spiritual & human values toward honesty and altruism that frame world civilization in all its respective national forms.
Science & technology no doubt provides material benefits but our basic human problems will remains. We are still facing with the same Problem of fear, tension and riots. So its high time to strike a balance between material development and human values and ethical development.

We need to revive our humanitarian values. So at present world wide ethical crisis …. I appeal on behalf of this conference to all humanitarians and religious practitioners to help to make our societies more companionate convention consistency. Confident and equitable.

We are facing many problem today, some are natural calamities others, however our own making created by misunderstanding, and can be corrected.

Problem crises from the conflict of ideologies, political or religious,. When people fight each other for pity ends.
We must remember that the different religions, ideologies and political system of the world are meant for human beings to achieve happiness.

The global population is increasing and our resources are being rapidly depleted. Policy makers find it difficult to formulate plans that can work under present conditions of economic over exploitation and diminishing resources. Contrary to neo-classical theory of continuous material growth, uncontrolled economic activities can directly reducing the carrying capacity of natural ecosystem.
Kautilya, the wise minister of Chandragupta Maurya said that “stability of an empire depended on the stability of its environment.

We are facing global ecology problem because people are concentrating only on their short term, selfish interest not thinking of the entire human family.
If we of the present generation do not think about these now, future generation may not be able to cope with them.
Mahatma Gandhi said “Earth can provide for all the needs of humans, but not for their greed’s. To save, conserve and protect our ‘Green Planet Earth’ we should follow Sunder Lal Bahuguna, the architect of Chipko movement and gathered local people to take up oath to protect trees by embracing them.

Most of our troubles are due to our passionate desire for and attachment to the things. To pursuit these involves the use of aggression and competitiveness. Such processes have been going on in the human mind since time immemorial, but their execution has become more effective under modern condition. What can we do to control and regulate these ‘poisons’ – delusion, greed and aggression? I feet that love and compassion are the moral fabric of world peace.
When you have compassion for a very poor person. You are showing sympathy because she, he is poor. So your compassion is based on altruistic consideration. On the other hand love towards your wife, your husband your children or a close friend is usually based on attachment. When your attachment charges your kindness also changes, it may disappear. This is not true love. Real love is not based on attachment but on altruism.

We should cultivate compassion in ourselves, a kind of love for your enemy also.
Another result of spiritual development most useful in day to day life is that it gives peace calm and presence of mind. Our lives are in constant flux bring many difficulties. When faced with calm and clear mind, problem can be successfully resolved.

I believe that every major religion of the world Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Islam has similar ideals of love and benefiting humanity through spiritual practice and the some effect of making their followers into better human beings.
Humans, in Islamic thought and culture are regarded as ethical beings and not just social animals Quran, preach “Unity in Life” i.e. oneness. It implies that it is unethical to follow double standards of morality and ethics in human relations as well as in social political, economic and international policies.

I feel honored and proud to be associated with such a holy place (spiritual) Khanqah–e–Niazia An Epitome of sufism at Bareilly in Utter Pradesh. Where the sufi tradition with its liberal world view, inclusive philosophy love for mankind accounts for its resurgence and growing popularity. In ,Sufism the constrained individual is compared to a droplet of water or a bubble, while unrestrained universal spirit as ocean. The ultimate goal of the droplet is to be united with the ocean.

In Sufism Qawali, music dance (whirling) of the SAMA are a form of remembrance the devotee is the lovers and the God is beloved. love is the essence of Sufism. for the entire mankind regardless of cast, creed, age, sex, color and religion. The sufi saints have always emphasized that the service to the humanity is the real service to god.

In India Sufism represented a symbol of communal harmony.
When some one presented a pair of scissor to Hazrat Baba fareed popularly known as “Ganje Shakar”, a saint during 12th century give me scissors which cut through, give me a needle and thread which stitch together” and love for mankind accounts growing popularity. The sufi missim of binding people spiritually and socially holds the key to realizing the dream of world peace.

The massage of Niazia Saints who propagate peace and universal brotherhood and always help the needy and the poor fits in well with the requirement of time when there are reports of understand instability in the minds of the youth.

The tradition of Sufism and Khanqah-e-Niazia in particular have Continued from heart to heart (seena ba seena)
The Niazia Saints dedicated themselves to the service of God. The Niazia saints were and are apostle of love and brotherhood. Everyone be a poor or rich, Hindu or Muslim – all were equal in their eyes. They always, concealed their position and kept away from the lure of name, fame and wealth.

Hazrat Qibla Niaz-be-Niaz aptly observes Be Namo Nishan Rehne do Bus Nam Yehi Hei (I have indentify only in anonymity)
Whatever came to Khanqah-e-Niazia in Bareilly district of Uttar Pradesh in India as Nazrana was spent on public kitchen (langar) which Niazia saints always maintained. Every one irrespective of cast, creed or religion was served food and well taken care of. The practice continues to this day unabated.
As the sunset glides the sky, the haunting notes of devotional verses ring out from Khanqah where the ‘Sama’ during the Urs ceremonies continues to mesmerize devotions and itinerant visitor as they have done for centuries.
In Sufism the concept of Ishq acquired a central position love is regarded as universal force which is embedded in every atom of creation. In Sufism individual spirit is compared to a droplet Hazrat Niaz –be – Niaz conveyed a massage of love peace & brotherhood. Some of his couplets were amalgam of Arabic, Urdu, Hindi on Holi, Basant Panchami.

The present torch bearer His reverence Hazrat Qibla Hasni Mian Sahib has inherited love for Ahlebait and dedicated himself to the service of humanity. His holiness choosen the way of non- compulsion in the true spirit of Holy Quran which says let there be no compulsion in religion. He says love joins people, like a thread binds pearls in necklaces.
There is no regular grant or financial assistance and whatever comes as ” Nazar” is spent on the welfare of humanity. The age old tradition of feeding the poor tradition is still alive in full glory at the Khanqah. Snake bitten, Scorpion, Stung, epidemic stricken patients and people suffering from chronic diseases continues to throng Khanqah and are healed and cured.
Mannat Ka Chiraga occurs annually – in which people ask wishes. This year it will be on 27, 28 Jan 2016 at Khanqah Bareilly.
In this regard there two things important to keep in mind – self examination & self correction.
Last but not least, We need to look to the common humanitarian heritage of all nations the world over.
“Peace is the Path of Progress”

Ref: World summit 2015 addresses peace, Security and human development convened on August 27th to 31, 2015 in seoul korea issues were
Religious Voices for peace and Development
Challenges and opportunities in the Asia pacific Region
Women’s role as peace builders
Challenges facing Europe or the middle East
Sincerely many thanks, live and let live others

Contributed by
Dr. Neetu Sharma
H.O.D. Zoology Deptt.
Dean: Maharaja Agresen P.G. College, Bareilly

The Sufi Brotherhood

This article aims to provide readers with a better understanding of Sufism and its evolution into the Muslim Brotherhood through Hasan al-Banna.

Do not let Sufism’s asceticism, mysticism, and syncretism, cause you to be mesmerised into believing that this is a benign sect of non-violence. People seem transfixed with these exotic descriptions and suddenly become warm, nostalgic, and develop a motherly protective wing over this romantic “aspect” of Islam, and are easily misled by Sufi dissimulations. In all probability, Sufism evolved through the fusion of early religions such as Zoroastrianism, Neoplatonism, Hinduism, even Christianity and other diverse traditions, and on top of these fusion of ideas, Islam was superimposed. Thus there are a lot of ritualism in Sufism that belongs to other traditions. But do not let that mislead you. In actuality, the Muslim Brotherhood evolved out of Sufism in the 20th century.

Read more information The Muslim brotherhood

Read more Sufi concept